History and geography are important factors in children understanding their heritage and the world we live in today. Together they build up a “bigger picture” of how the world has changed over time and the importance of understanding the world around us in order to protect it for future generations.
Geography at Welton St. Mary’s is taught in the autumn term – our Explore term. By focussing on the skills over the course of a term, it allows us to build up our skills to be able to explore our local area as well as the wider world. This is done through overarching topics, big questions and field work. Our aims are to build up:
– geographical vocabulary to communicate understanding of the world
– map skills
– our understanding of how humans have had an effect on the physical world
– place knowledge.
In a world that is ever-changing, place knowledge is key so that children are able to make informed decisions about the future and to apply their understanding of how changes in the past (linking physical and human geography) have affected the way we live today and, consequently, how our current relationship with the world can influence how people of the future may live. A range of map styles are used to allow children to explore locality changes over time, time zones, look at trends over time in order to predict future trends and to consolidate their place knowledge. With fieldwork, we encourage children to confidently ask questions about the world around us and allow children to undertake independent learning as well as guided learning so that they can develop their own interests within the broad geography curriculum.
History is taught in the spring term – our Discover term.
History is taught in topics throughout the school, with open questions allowing children to discover the past for themselves. We aim to give children real experiences through trips, visits, different sources and real life artefacts so that they can have a true understanding of the past and how the past has influenced the way we live today. This is done through entry and exit points – entry points hook the children in to their learning and allow them a chance to put forward an area of interest to study and exit points allow them to showcase their learning across the term. In KS1, we focus on key events and important people to build up an understanding of chronology – an important feature when building up a picture of our heritage. In KS2 we use a range of time periods from the Ancient Egyptians through to WW2 in order to highlight key time periods. Through history, children should develop a wider vocabulary and be confident in asking questions as well as answering them. As children move in to KS2, this should continue and the range of sources be built up so that they are able to look at common trends over time and, linking with the geography curriculum, be able to predict future trends as well as comment of the significance of past events on how we live today.